Grasses are arguably the most important plant species in existence. There are an estimated 12,000 species and 780 subspecies of grass worldwide, making it the fifth-largest species of plants. If you consider all the grasslands, savannah and prairies in the world, grasses probably constitute 20% of all living plant species on this planet! There are various types of grasses such as lawn grass, buffalo grass, bulbine frutescens grass aloe, panicgrass, crown grass, switchgrass, cat grass, scutch grass, reed canary grass, purple pampas grass and sweet grass. Browse below to view various grasses available in Zambian stores.
Grasses or also called the graminoids are monocotyledonous plants belonging to the family Poaceae (also called Gramineae). The family Cyperaceae includes the sedges which are also commonly called grasses, such as the many wild marsh and grassland plants.
Poaceae or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants commonly known as grasses. It includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and species cultivated in lawns and pasture. The latter are commonly referred to collectively as grass.
Most grasses like a sunny, open spot in a fertile, moist but well drained soil. They grow well in large containers.
This plant also has important ecological functions: it protects against soil erosion, it absorbs water, it purifies the air we breathe and so on. Every variety of grass has its own special properties. The grass family, or Graminae, has about 8,000 varieties.
Grasses are herbaceous (er-bay-shus) plants. Herbaceous means that they have tender green stems, rather than woody stems like those of trees and shrubs. Grass grows on every continent—including Antarctica—and there about 1,000 different grasses in North America.
The definition of grass is of the family Poaceace which has jointed stems, long and narrow leaves and seed-like fruit. An example of grass is a crop such as wheat or sugar cane. adjective. Grass is defined as to grow vegetation with narrow, long leaves, or to send an animal out to eat in the pasture.
When growing grasses direct in the ground you need to water them in dry periods for the first two years – thereafter they should be drought tolerant. Grasses grown in pots will need regular watering every year.
Easy and adaptable, ornamental grasses create texture and interest all year round, as well as having practical uses such as helping to zone your space. They're super low maintenance, and don't need watering, feeding, pruning or deadheading. They're resilient and take a battering in wind and rain.
Grasses are broadly classified as summer annuals, winter annuals, or perennials. There are no biennial grasses. The intended use dictates which group is most suitable for a given situation.
We grow grass for one reason: we can mow it and it survives, even thrives. Any other plant, even most other grasses would die after being mowed with any regularity. There are over 10,000 species of grass, yet only about 50 of those are suitable for use in a lawn.
Grass roots help improve soil structure by increasing porosity and adding organic material that helps bind soil particles together. In compacted or clay soils, spreading roots break up soil and create pathways through which water can seep deep within the subsoil.
Two main types of grass for turf are warm-season grass and cool-season grass. Pick the species of grass seed that matches your climate and your yard's sun exposure. Also consider how much moisture your lawn will get. You may need a grass that resists drought.