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Agricultural Sciences products for sale online in Zambia

Soil cultivation, crop cultivation and harvesting, animal production,
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Agricultural Sciences

Soil cultivation, crop cultivation and harvesting, animal production,

Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture.

Agricultural sciences, deal with food and fibre production and processing. They include the technologies of soil cultivation, crop cultivation and harvesting, animal production, and the processing of plant and animal products for human consumption and use.

Branches of agriculture, namely;

  • Livestock production. - Livestock can be considered as a production system that divides the system into the following: inputs; animal health; animals which are the unit of production; outputs which are the products; and the market which purchases the products and sets the price to the producer.
  • Crop production. - a common agricultural practice followed by worldwide farmers to grow and produce crops to use as food and fibre. This practice includes all the feed sources that are required to maintain and produce crops
  • Agricultural economics. - is an applied field of economics concerned with the application of economic theory in optimizing the production and distribution of food and fibre products. Agricultural economics began as a branch of economics that specifically dealt with land usage.
  • Agricultural engineering. - the branch of engineering deals with the design of farm machinery, the location and planning of farm structures, farm drainage, soil management and erosion control, water supply and irrigation, rural electrification, and the processing of farm products.

Agriculture is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago.

Depending upon the geographical conditions, the demand for produce, labour and the level of technology, farming can be classified into two main types. These are subsistence farming and commercial farming.

Subsistence agriculture occurs when farmers grow food crops to meet the needs of themselves and their families on smallholdings. Subsistence agriculturalists target farm output for survival and for mostly local requirements, with little or no surplus

The production of crops and farm animals for sale, usually with the use of modern technology: Some types of commercial agriculture include dairy, grain, plantation, livestock, fruit and mixed crop farms