Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture.
Agricultural sciences, deal with food and fibre production and processing. They include the technologies of soil cultivation, crop cultivation and harvesting, animal production, and the processing of plant and animal products for human consumption and use.
Branches of agriculture, namely;
Agriculture is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago.
Depending upon the geographical conditions, the demand for produce, labour and the level of technology, farming can be classified into two main types. These are subsistence farming and commercial farming.
Subsistence agriculture occurs when farmers grow food crops to meet the needs of themselves and their families on smallholdings. Subsistence agriculturalists target farm output for survival and for mostly local requirements, with little or no surplus
The production of crops and farm animals for sale, usually with the use of modern technology: Some types of commercial agriculture include dairy, grain, plantation, livestock, fruit and mixed crop farms