Timber is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production. Timber is mainly used for structural purposes but has many other uses as well. There are two main types of lumber. It may be supplied either rough-sawn or surfaced on one or more of its faces. Timber is the raw material for furniture-making and other items requiring additional cutting and shaping. It is available in many species, usually hardwoods; but it is also readily available in softwoods, such as pine. Finished planks are supplied in standard sizes, mostly for the construction industry – primarily softwood, some hardwood, for high-grade flooring. In Zambia mukwa, rosewood, kaimbi, eucalyptus and pine are some of the timber available. There are many indigenous woods available for construction.
Lumber, also known as timber, is wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production. Lumber is mainly used for construction framing, as well as finishing. Lumber has many uses beyond home building.
The definition of timber is building material or wood fit for building. An example of timber is mukwa logs.
Timber is classed as either softwood or hardwood, depending on the type of tree the timber comes from. Timber from hardwoods tends to be more dense than softwoods, though there are exceptions. Softwoods come from coniferous trees such as pine, fir, spruce and larch.
Wood is a hard fibrous material that forms the main substance of the trunk or branches of a tree or shrub used for fuel or timber. Whereas, Timber is prepared for use in building and carpentry, trees grown for timber, or a wooden beam or board used in building a house, ship, or other structure.
The term 'timber' is used to refer to the wood at any stage after the tree has been felled. This can include the raw material, also known as rough timber or the processed material.
Timber is a valued natural resource that serves directly as a material for use in construction, paper manufacturing, specialty wood products such as furniture, and as a fuel source.
Timber refers to a wide range of different types of materials, where each of them can have varying characteristics in terms of their performance. One simple way to categorize the performance of these different species is to split them into two groups: hardwoods and softwoods
As such they make up the majority of all wood used in the world, with about 80% of timber being a softwood. Softwoods have a wide range of applications and are found in building components including components (such as windows and doors), furniture and fibreboard.