Optical instruments are the devices which process light wave to enhance an image for a more clear view. The use of an optical instrument, such as a magnifying lens or any complicated device like a microscope or telescope usually makes things bigger and helps us to see in a more detailed manner. The use of converging lenses makes things appear larger and on the other hand, diverging lenses always get you smaller images. While using a converging lens, it’s important to remember that, if an object is at a larger distance then the image is diminished and will be very nearer to the focal point. Browse through this category for various optical instruments available in Zambian stores.
An optical instrument is a device that processes light waves, either to enhance an image for viewing or to analyze and determine their characteristic properties. Common examples include periscopes, microscopes, telescopes, and cameras.
Optical instruments are instruments using reflecting and refracting properties of mirrors, lenses and prisms. A number of optical devices and instruments have been designed utilising reflecting and refracting properties of mirrors, lenses and prisms
Optical used with computers
An optical instrument (or "optic" for short) is a device that processes light waves (or photons), either to enhance an image for viewing or to analyze and determine their characteristic properties. Common examples include periscopes, microscopes, telescopes, and cameras.
A periscope is an optical instrument that uses a system of prisms, lenses or mirrors to reflect images through a tube. Light from a distant object strikes the top mirror and is then reflected at an angle of 90 degrees down the periscope tube.
A microscope is an instrument that can be used to observe small objects, even cells. The image of an object is magnified through at least one lens in the microscope. This lens bends light toward the eye and makes an object appear larger than it actually is. 5 - 12+
Telescopes - There are three main types of telescope. These are refracting telescopes, Newtonian telescopes and Schmidt-Cassegrain telescopes.
Digital cameras: There are four main types of digital camera: compact, bridge, DSLR and mirrorless cameras. DSLRs and mirrorless models have interchangeable lenses.
Optical instruments are based on optics. They use mirrors and lenses to reflect and refract light and form images. The light microscope and telescope use convex lenses and mirrors to make enlarged images of very tiny or distant objects. A camera uses a convex lens to make a reduced image of an object.
The Eye. The most important optical instrument! Works differently from any other optical instrument (such as camera, telescope..) in that focussing is performed by deforming the lens by the eye muscles.
The eye, the first element in the system, is a simple optical instrument. It is composed of only two positive lenses, the cornea and the crystalline lens, that project images into the retina to initiate the visual process.